Anti-Stokes luminescence form Rhodamine 6G ethanol solutions excited by a He-Ne laser is observed to be strongly temperature dependent. A theoretical model is proposed for the absorption line shape on the long wavelength side of the pure electronic transition which fits the absorption and luminescence data. Vavilov's law is found to hold even when the absorption coefficient is 10-6 times the peak absorption coefficient for the Rhodamine 6G dye solution. Another luminescence peak at 6650 Å is observed which is attributed to impurity fluorescence. It could not be related to photochemical products.