iceberg; International Ice Patrol; iceberg sightings database
This report details the Iceberg Sightings Database, created by Brian T. Hill of the Institute for Ocean Technology (IOT) in St. John's, Newfoundland. The database is a detailed historical log of all iceberg sightings recorded since the 1890's for the North Atlantic waters surrounding the island of Newfoundland. The purpose of the database is to provide an accurate and comprehensive log of ice movements surrounding the island. From this log it is possible to gain insight relating to the frequency patterns and quantity of the icebergs witnessed throughout the past century. This report focuses on providing the background information on icebergs needed to fully appreciate their fatalistic potential. This information includes iceberg origin, various iceberg classifications, and the destructive ability of icebergs. Information is also given on the specifics surrounding the foundation of the International Ice Patrol (IIP), what the IIP has accomplished, and how iceberg tracking technology has progresses in the past century. From this information it is east to recognize the necessity for foundations such as the IIP, and databases such as the Iceberg Sightings Database (ISD). The other major section of this report deals with the structure and classification of the Excel files that formulate the initial stages of the ISD. The preliminary analysis of the derived statistics associated with these files is also included. Finally, a conclusion summarizing what has already been done and commenting on what has yet to be accomplished is included at the end of this report.
National Research Council of Canada. Institute for Ocean Technology
St. John's, Newfoundland
Student Report (National Research Council of Canada. Institute for Ocean Technology), no. SR-2008-01 (2008).