National Research Council of Canada. NRC Institute for Information Technology
CHI '99, May 1999, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
Unfamiliar, large-scale virtual environments are difficult to navigate. This paper presents design guidelines to ease navigation in such virtual environments. The guidelines presented here focus on the design and placement of landmarks in virtual environments. Moreover, the guidelines are based primarily on the extensive empirical literature on navigation in the real world. A rationale for this approach is provided by the similarities between navigational behavior in real and virtual environments.
Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems: 278–285.