National Research Council of Canada. NRC Institute for Marine Biosciences
A novel method for the detection of acylated diarrhetic shellfish poisoning toxins is reported. Direct determination of these compounds is possible using high performance liquid chromatography coupled with ion-spray mass spectrometry. An extract, purified from the digestive glands of toxic mussels (Mytilus edulis) contaminated with okadaic acid, dinophysistoxin-1, and a recently reported analog, dinophysistoxin-2, was also shown to contain small amounts of dinophysistoxin-3, a mixture of 7-O-acyl ester derivatives of dinophysistoxin-1. In addition, acyl ester derivatives of okadaic acid and dinophysistoxin-2 were also detected by direct LC-MS analysis and confirmed by analysis of their hydrolysis products. This is the first report of the detection of other naturally occurring 7-O-acyl esters similar to dinophysistoxin-3.