A process model composed of electrical and heat transfer models was developed to simulate continuous resistance welding of thermoplastic composites. Glass fabric reinforced polyphenylenesulfide welded in a lap-shear configuration with a stainless steel mesh as the heating element was considered for modelling and experimental validation of the numerical results. The welding temperatures predicted by the model showed good agreement with the experimental results. Welding input power and welding speed were found to be the two most important parameters influencing the welding temperature. The contact quality between the electrical connectors and the heating element was found to influence the distribution of the welding temperature transverse to the welding direction. Moreover, the size of the electrical connectors was found to influence the achievable welding speed and required power input for a certain welding temperature.
Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing70 (March 2015): 16–26.