Epidemiological studies have shown that a diet rich in fruits and vegetables has a beneficial preventive effect on cardiovascular diseases and cancer by mechanisms that have not yet been elucidated. In this work, we investigated the antiangiogenic activities of anthocyanidins, a class of polyphenols present at high levels in fruits. Among the tested anthocyanidins (cyanidin, delphinidin, malvidin, pelargonidin, peonidin and petunidin), delphinidin was the most potent angiogenic inhibitor. In vitro , low concentrations of delphinidin inhibited vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-induced tyrosine phosphorylation of VEGF receptor (VEGFR)-2, leading to the inhibition of downstream signaling triggered by VEGFR-2. Inhibition of VEGFR-2 by delphinidin inhibited the VEGF-induced activation of ERK-1/2 signaling and the chemotactic motility of human EC as well as their differentiation into capillary-like tubular structures in Matrigel and within fibrin gels. In vivo , delphinidin was able to suppress basic fibroblast growth factor-induced vessel formation in the mouse Matrigel plug assay. The identification of delphinidin as a naturally occurring inhibitor of VEGF receptors suggests that this molecule possesses important antiangiogenic properties that may be helpful for the prevention and treatment of cancer.