9th International Symposium on Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning, ISHVAC 2015 Joint with the 3rd International Conference on Building Energy and Environment, COBEE 2015, 12 July 2015 through 15 July 2015
Air conditioning; Building materials; Buildings; Indoor air pollution; Neutron emission; AFSSET; AgBB; Emission modelling; Indoor environment; Material emissions; Occupant densities; Source control; Ventilation requirements; Ventilation
Building material emissions could be the major indoor air pollution source in low-occupant-density spaces, e.g., a private office. Lowest Concentration of Interest (LCI) schemes can be used to predict ventilation requirements based on building material emissions. However, it is not practical to obtain emission information on hundreds of chemicals with LCIs. 28 building materials selected from the NRC database were subjected to emission modelling, resulting in 101 VOCs as a starting VOC pool. A method was proposed to generate VOC priority lists. Three priority lists were obtained based on three LCI schemes, i.e., AFSSET, AgBB and EU-LCI, and each consisted of 17 - 21 VOCs, i.e., about 10% of the total substances in the schemes. This paper demonstrated the role of indoor VOCs in determining ventilation requirements and illustrated a way to predict the ventilation rate based on a simplified list of VOCs.
Procedia Engineering121 (7 October 2015): 1697–1704.