The 9th International Work-Conference on Artificial Neural Networks (IWANN'2007) (Computational and Ambient Intelligence), June 20-22, 2007, San Sebastián, Spain
This paper introduces a multi-objective optimization approach to the problem of computing virtual reality spaces for the visual representation of relational structures (e.g. databases), symbolic knowledge and others, in the context of visual data mining and knowledge discovery. Procedures based on evolutionary computation are discussed. In particular, the NSGA-II algorithm is used as a framework for an instance of this methodology; simultaneously minimizing Sammons error for dissimilarity measures, and mean cross-validation error on a k-nn pattern classifier. The proposed approach is illustrated with an example from cancer genomics data (e.g. lung cancer) by constructing virtual reality spaces resulting from multi-objective optimization. Selected solutions along the Pareto front approximation are used as nonlinearly transformed features for new spaces that compromise similarity structure preservation (from an unsupervised perspective) and class separability (from a supervised pattern recognition perspective), simultaneously. The possibility of spanning a range of solutions between these two important goals, is a benefit for the knowledge discovery and data understanding process. The quality of the set of discovered solutions is superior to the ones obtained separately, from the point of view of visual data mining.
The 9th International Work-Conference on Artificial Neural Networks (IWANN'2007) (Computational and Ambient Intelligence) [Proceedings].